Nancy J Walton RMT CRRP|Law Of Attraction Coach♥Energy Therapist - Reiki ♥ Reflexology|Essential Oils ♥ Kripalu Polarity Therapy
The Chakras

Chakra work is one of the subtlest methods of healing. Chakras are centers of awareness in the human body. They are neither physical nor anatomical and are found in the subtle energy system (Govinda, 2002). Chakra is Sanskrit for "wheel." Whereas meridians are an energy transportation system, the chakras are energy stations (Eden, 1998). Chakras are energy centers traversing the length of the spine, each accounting for a different mode of perception (Smith, 2006).

The chakras are spinning vortexes of energy that pull energy into the body from the environment and distribute them within your body. Each is connected to its corresponding energy layer and provides energy, light, and color to its region of influence within the body. 

Although the seven primary chakras are those normally referred to, there are many other minor chakras throughout the body such as those in the palms of the hands. Each chakra is paired with its counterpart on the back but they are in fact the one chakra. 

The frontal aspects are related to feelings; the rear aspects are related to the will.

The endocrine glands are located within the circuitry of the chakras: Each chakra disperses energy to its associated endocrine gland. It is no coincidence that the chakras and the endocrines are within the same spatial location throughout the body.. The inductive coupling between the etheric body and the physical body produces a variety of energy currents into the physical body and a reverse flow out of the body into the etheric body and the environment

The base or Root Chakra
Is located at the base of the spine. It carries life energies up into the body, through the other chakras, as well as down the legs.
Grounding to the Earth's energies, Support, survival & basic needs are what this represents.  This vibrates to abundance, and when trusting in the Source or Universe (the center is balanced & applied when in the world) it will give you an understanding that there is enough for everyone. 
This chakra stores our ancestral relationships, childhood and past-life material, and can be a storehouse for past traumas.  It is associated with the color red.

Related anatomy: Adrenal glands, immune system, large intestines, legs, feet, & bones.
Essential Oils: Basil, Cinnamon, Clove, Fennel, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Nutmeg, Orange, Patchouli, Pine, *Vetiver*Grounding, centering, strength, protection, money.

The Second Chakra
It is known as the sacral or abdominal chakra because of its location - from the top of the pelvic bone to the the belly button - it is the seat of creation.
It is here that the body embraces the soul.
This chakra reveals the affection and compassion of the soul, and is the center of our sexuality and is located in the lower abdomen.  
Most caring and dedicated Healers have a strong and active second Chakra which is linked to the etheric body. It is connected to our emotions, intimacy, sexuality, desire, & pleasure. This Chi area is our feeling center. When we open to our emotions, our feelings, we are capable of creating what we really want! The associated color is orange.

Related anatomy: Reproductive organs, large intestine, bladder, pelvis, and lower back.
Essential Oils: Atlas Cederwood, Bergamot, Cinnamon, Clove, Cypress, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Neroli, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang.

The Third Chakra
This wheel is located above the navel,  between the belly button and the lower rib cage, which addresses the issues of personal will, the 'self' in self-esteem, confidence and respect -Ego/Power/Will.  It is linked to the astral body and plane.  Using personal power align yourself with the divine will -notice that from there your instincts - will guide you to walk the path you were meant to.  the color associated with this is Yellow.

Related anatomy: Pancreas, adrenals, stomach, small intestines, digestion, liver, spleen & middle back.
Essential Oils: Atlas Cedarwood, Basil, Bergamot, Black pepper, Cinnamon, Coriander, Cypress, Fennel, Geranium, Lemon, Orange, Rosemary, and most of what has already been mentioned.

                                Fourth Chakra                                   This 12 petaled Lotus has a more esoteric responsibility from which all the other are balanced. This is the center of the Heart of unconditional love, trust commitment, compassion and hope.The heart chakra is the center through which all energies must pass in transit from one group of layers and from one reality to another and filters all energies, thoughts and experiences which affect us emotionally, physically and spiritually. This energy also can represent its opposite. When we are open, we generate & heal ourselves and this energy is passed on to others.
Related anatomy: Thymus, lungs, diaphragm, shoulders and, of course, the heart.
Essential OIls:  Geranium, Bergamot, Ylang Ylang, Mandarin, Jasmine, Lavender

                             Fifth Chakra
The throat chakra is the center of sound and is responsible for speech and communication as well as hearing.
This is the filtering point for all data that is sorted, systemized, and then dispersed as our personal expression. The color associated with this chakra is blue.
Related anatomy:  Thyroid, parathyroid, mouth, neck, shoulders, arms, hands
Essential Oils:  Geranium, Bergamot, Ylang Ylang, Mandarin, Jasmine, Lavender

                                                Brow Chakra
It enable us to transcend the physical body—traveling to the future, past, the imagined, and accessing symbols, meanings, theories, and fantasies and where the possibility to access the psychic plane and traverse the dimensions of time and space (White, 2004). Visualize the life you would like to live!  The color for this chakra is Indigo blue
Related anatomy:  Pineal gland & pituitary, as well as the brain, nervous system, eyes & ears
Essential Oils:  Rosemary, Juniper, Lemon, Pine, Helichrysum, Thyme, Clary Sage

Crown Chakra
Meditation, prayer, energy work, and ritual are safe but potent ways of opening the crown chakra and deepening our spiritual awareness and connection
Related anatomy: Pituitary, central nervous system, skeletal, muscular & the organ of the skin.
          Essential Oils: Clary Sage, Frankincense, Lavender, Lotus & Myrrh

Sit up with your spine straight with your arms comfortably at your side so that the energy will move more effortlessly through the 7 Centers.

Imagine a clear, cool sparkling flow of water flooding into your head through the Crown Chakra down through the body, clearing each Center as it flows downward to your base spine.

Imagine that this water is clearing away all debris, unwanted energy or thought patterns, allowing the muscles to relax as it continues.

Allow the heart feel renewed and light again with childlike openness and unconditional love. Let the body feel radiant with this cleansing, unblocked at each level or energy center, washing away held emotions.

Feel the flow of energy become charged with positive and renewed support as the water washes over you, down to your feet.

Now, imagine yourself bathed in golden light, and that each Center is beaming a strong bright light. Inhale to allow a fullness throughout your being, and exhale gently while releasing anything else that you no longer want to hold onto. Bring the light up from the feet as well, and let this energy circulate on its own natual path.

This imaging excersize has a profound effect on your health & mental outlook, which supports your heart & emotional stability.
Testing Your Chakras

Place your palm above the chakra,(about 4 inches) starting at the base working up to the head, start to move your hand(s) circling over the chakra in a clockwise motion (if using a partner-it would mirror counterclockwise) to open and clear any unwanted old negative patterns or energy, then reverse to begin closing the Chakra; each time shaking off the energy before moving to the next Chakra. Complete all the Chakras in this way. 
The exception I've read is the Male, where you reverse this pattern at the crown Chakra - You will have to determine this case by case.